J Oral Med Oral Surg
Volume 27, Number 1, 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Article pédagogique / Educational article|
|Published online||11 December 2020|
Dermatomyositis: what the oral healthcare provider must know
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dental Sciences, Sharda University, Plot 32, 34 Knowledge Park 3,
Greater Noida 201308, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 COSMOZONE Dental and Implant Clinic, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
* Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 26 August 2020
Dermatomyositis (DM) is an autoimmune condition characterized by skin rashes and progressive muscle weakness. It is classified under the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) and can affect children as well as adults. A heightened incidence of malignancy in adults with DM has laid greater focus on its early diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring. In recent years, a greater understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease, its diagnostic criteria and management has improved the quality of life in affected individuals. The orofacial region presents with many manifestations of the disorder, sometimes even the initial presenting signs. This review presents an update on the disease process, its pathogenesis, diagnostic criteria, orofacial manifestations, medical management and dental considerations for patients with DM. The updated knowledge about DM is crucial for oral health care providers to plan and execute oral health care in a coordinated manner.
Key words: Dermatomyositis / oral manifestations / facial rash / management / dental considerations / malignancy
© The authors, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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