J Oral Med Oral Surg
Volume 26, Number 1, 2020
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Article original / Original article|
|Published online||03 February 2020|
Human bite facial wounds in Bouaké (Côte d'Ivoire): development of a therapeutic algorithm in underdeveloped countries
Service d'odontostomatologie et chirurgie maxillo-faciale du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bouaké [Odontostomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of the University Hospital Center of Bouaké], Côte d'Ivoire
2 Service de stomatologie et chirurgie maxillo-faciale du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Treichville [Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of the University Hospital Center of Treichville], Côte d'Ivoire
* Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 8 December 2019
Introduction: The treatment of facial wounds by human bites is difficult, especially in under-developed countries. We aimed to distinguish the epidemiological and clinical aspects to describe the therapeutic methods and evaluate their effectiveness. Materials and methods: This was a descriptive and retrospective study over a period of 6 years. Patients who consulted regarding a human bite wound and were surgically treated were included. Results: Eighteen patients with a hospital prevalence of 0.008% were enrolled. The ratio of men to women was 2 (12 men for every 6 women). The average age was 32.77 years (range, 23–45 years). The lesions were labial in 11 cases (61.11%). The wounds were type III in eight cases (44.44%) and type II in nine cases (50%). Surgical treatment was primary in 12 cases (66.67%) and delayed in 6 cases (33.33%). The evolution was favorable in 16 cases (88.89%). Discussion: The wounds on the face created by human bite can be effectively treated via primary repair while reserving systematic secondary closure to an initially necrotic wound.
Key words: facial / traumatism / human / bite
© The authors, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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