J Oral Med Oral Surg
Volume 24, Number 3, October 2018
|Page(s)||112 - 118|
|Section||Article original / Original article|
|Published online||10 October 2018|
Pattern of maxillofacial injuries in patients with craniocerebral injuries: a prospective study
Oral and Maxillofacial Department, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital,
2 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port-Harcourt, Nigeria
3 Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
* Correspondence: email@example.com
Accepted: 24 January 2018
Introduction: This prospective study highlights the pattern of oral and maxillofacial injuries in patients with associated craniocerebral injuries. Material and Methods: This was a prospective descriptive study conducted over a 22-month period. Information was collected using a structured questionnaire and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 13 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) and Microsoft Office Excel 2007 (Microsoft, Redmond, WA, USA). Test of statistical significance was set at 0.05. Results: Three hundred and three consecutive patients were studied and this consisted of 254 males and 49 females. The difference in the gender distribution was statistically significant (p = 0.008). Road traffic crashes (n = 262; 86.5%) was the most common cause of injury and soft tissues orofacial injuries accounted for 61.7% of injuries. Le Fort II fractures were the major skeletal injuries. Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) of 13–15 had the highest frequency (n = 157; 53.4%). Intracerebral haemorrhage was the most common cerebral injury recorded and the commonest complication noted was dysocclusion. Discussion: Although middle third facial fractures were the most common skeletal injury, fractures of the upper third facial skeleton appear to be associated with lower GCS. Conclusion: Fractures of the facial skeleton are fairly common in craniocerebral injuries.
Key words: injury / maxillofacial / trauma / craniocerebral / dysocclusion
© The authors, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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