J Oral Med Oral Surg
Volume 28, Number 1, 2022
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||15 December 2021|
Original Research Article
Assessment of cases of lichenoid granulomatous stomatitis in respect to demographics, histological features, and subcategories in known population
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry in Ar Rass, Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Al Qassim Region 51921, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry , King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry in Ar Rass, Qassim University, kingdom of Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Sharavthi Dental College and Hospital, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
7 5Th year Dentistry Student, College of Dentistry in Ar Rass, Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
* Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 16 May 2021
Introduction: Lichenoid granulomatous dermatitis (LGD) is widely encountered lesions with both oral as well as dermal manifestation. Present study was done to evaluate lichenoid granulomatous stomatitis cases. Materials and methods: 226 biopsies were exposed to special stains such as acid-fast bacilli (AFB), immunohistochemical staining for CD 68 and Grocott methenamine-silver (GMS), and periodic acid‐Schiff (PAS) stains. Results: Out of 226 patients, males were 84 and females were 142. Maximum cases were seen in age group 40–60 years (122) followed by >60 years (56) and 20–40 years (48). The common site was buccal mucosa seen in 128 (56.6%) cases followed by vestibule in 30 (13.2%), gingiva in 26 (11.5%), tongue in 20 (8.8%), lip in 12 (5.3%) and palate in 10 (4.4%). The common lesion was oral lichen planus seen in 142 (62.8%), carcinoma in situ in 12 (5.3%), squamous cell carcinoma in 8 (3.53%), pemphigus vulgaris in 10 (4.42%), leukoplakia in 24 (10.6%) and pemphigoid in 30 (13.2%) cases. Most lesions were of type I seen in 117 (51.7%) cases. Conclusion: Lichenoid granulomatous dermatitis poses variety of clinical as well as oral features. A long standing follows up and consideration of differential diagnosis is mandatory for better management of patients.
Key words: Lichenoid granulomatous dermatitis / lichen planus / Pemphigus vulgaris
© The authors, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.