J Oral Med Oral Surg
Volume 26, Number 1, 2020
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Cas clinique et revue de la littérature / Up-to date review and case report|
|Published online||23 December 2019|
Up-to Date Review And Case Report
Lymphoma of the lip after kidney transplantation: a case report
CHU de Nice, Hôpital Saint-Roch, 5 rue Pierre Dévoluy, 06000 Nice, France
Accepted: 10 August 2019
Introduction: In transplant recipients, the risk to develop cancer increases 4 fold compared to general population due to the immunosuppressive treatment. Observation: A 68 years old woman, kidney transplanted four years ago, presented with a slowly growing swelling over her left lip since six weeks. The histopathological analyses showed a non Hodgkin lymphoma. Comment: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) is a complication developing after solid organ transplantation or allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Immunosuppression due to the immunosuppressives drugs is considered as the most important risk factor and the incidence rate depends of transplant type, age and risk of primary Epstein-Barr virus infection. Conclusion: PTLD is a rare but serious complication. It must be suspected in all cases of intra-oral mass for a transplanted patient and requires a histopathological analysis for early diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Key words: lip / post transplant lymphoproliferative disorders / EBV
© The authors, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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