J Oral Med Oral Surg
Volume 25, Number 2, 2019
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Cas clinique et revue de la littérature / Up-to date review and case report|
|Published online||01 May 2019|
Up-to Date Review And Case Report
Oral nodular fasciitis – A case report with a diagnostic schema
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnakata, India
4 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
* Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 18 March 2019
Introduction: The spectrum of myofibroblastic lesions of the oral cavity ranges from reactive to benign to malignant lesions with overlapping histopathologic and immunohistologic characteristics posing a diagnostic dilemma. Observation: A 30-year-old male presented with a spontaneous swelling over the right lower buccal gingiva giving a clinical suspicion of a benign mesenchymal tumor. The lesion presented with a varied biphasic microscopic appearance that posed as a challenge for diagnosis. Commentaries: The incisional biopsy of the lesion showed a highly collagenous stroma with spindle-shaped cells, while the excision biopsy revealed myxoid and hyalinized stroma. A panel of markers comprising of SMA (smooth muscle actin). CD-34, β-Catenin, and Alcian blue stain was employed to arrive at a diagnosis. Conclusion: Most myofibroblastic lesions present with diverse histological appearance which warrants a thorough assessment of the cellular and stromal components for an accurate diagnosis.
Key words: spindle cells / nodular fasiitis / myofibroblasts / myxoid degeneration / myofibroma
© The authors, 2019
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