Open Access
J Oral Med Oral Surg
Volume 25, Number 1, 2019
Article Number 2
Number of page(s) 7
Section Revue de la littérature / Literature review
Published online 22 February 2019
  1. Scala A, Checchi L, Montevecchi M, et al. Update on burning mouth syndrome: overview and patient management. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med Off Publ Am Assoc Oral Biol 2003;14:275–291. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  2. Woda A, Tubert-Jeannin S, Bouhassira D, et al. Towards a new taxonomy of idiopathic orofacial pain. Pain 2005;116:396–406. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  3. Merskey H. The taxonomy of pain. Med Clin North Am 2007;91:13–20. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  4. International Headache Society Classification Committee. The International Classification of Headache disorders, 3rd edition (beta version). Cephalalgia 2013;33:629–808. [Google Scholar]
  5. Svensson P, Bjerring P, Arendt-Nielsen L, Kaaber S. Quantitative determinations of sensory and pain thresholds on human oral mucosa by argon laser stimulation. Pain 1992;49:233–239. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  6. Grushka M, Sessle BJ, Howley TP. Psychophysical assessment of tactile, pain and thermal sensory functions in burning mouth syndrome. Pain 1987;28:169–184. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  7. Jääskeläinen SK, Forssell H, Tenovuo O. Abnormalities of the blink reflex in burning mouth syndrome. Pain 1997;73:455–460. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  8. Jääskeläinen SK, Teerijoki-Oksa T, Forssell H. Neurophysiologic and quantitative sensory testing in the diagnosis of trigeminal neuropathy and neuropathic pain. Pain 2005;117:349–357. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  9. Shinozaki T, Imamura Y, Kohashi R, et al. Spatial and temporal brain responses to noxious heat thermal stimuli in burning mouth syndrome. J Dent Res 2016;95:1138–1146. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  10. Gao S, Wang Y, Wang Z. Assessment of trigeminal somatosensory evoked potentials in burning mouth syndrome. Chin J Dent Res Off J Sci Sect Chin Stomatol Assoc CSA 2000;3:40–46. [Google Scholar]
  11. Lauria G, Majorana A, Borgna M, et al. Trigeminal small-fiber sensory neuropathy causes burning mouth syndrome. Pain 2005;115:332–337. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  12. Yilmaz Z, Renton T, Yiangou Y, et al. Burning mouth syndrome as a trigeminal small fibre neuropathy: Increased heat and capsaicin receptor TRPV1 in nerve fibres correlates with pain score. J Clin Neurosci Off J Neurosurg Soc Australas 2007;14:864–871. [Google Scholar]
  13. Beneng K, Yilmaz Z, Yiangou Y, et al. Sensory purinergic receptor P2 × 3 is elevated in burning mouth syndrome. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2010;39:815–819. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  14. Hagelberg N, Forssell H, Rinne JO, et al. Striatal dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in burning mouth syndrome. Pain 2003;101:149–154. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  15. Wada A, Shizukuishi T, Kikuta J, et al. Altered structural connectivity of pain-related brain network in burning mouth syndrome-investigation by graph analysis of probabilistic tractography. Neuroradiology 2017;59:525–532. [Google Scholar]
  16. Khan SA, Keaser ML, Meiller TF, Seminowicz DA. Altered structure and function in the hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex in patients with burning mouth syndrome. Pain 2014;155:1472–1480. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  17. Lauria G. Small fibre neuropathies. Curr Opin Neurol 2005;18:591–597. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  18. Misery L, Bodere C, Genestet S, et al. Small-fibre neuropathies and skin: news and perspectives for dermatologists. Eur J Dermatol EJD 2014;24:147–153. [Google Scholar]
  19. Jääskeläinen SK. Pathophysiology of primary burning mouth syndrome. Clin Neurophysiol Off J Int Fed Clin Neurophysiol 2012;123:71–77. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  20. Forssell H, Jääskeläinen S, List T, et al. An update on pathophysiological mechanisms related to idiopathic oro-facial pain conditions with implications for management. J Oral Rehabil 2014; doi:10.1111/joor.12256. [Google Scholar]
  21. Bartoshuk LM. Comparing sensory experiences across individuals: recent psychophysical advances illuminate genetic variation in taste perception. Chem Senses 2000;25:447–460. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  22. Eliav E, Kamran B, Schaham R, et al. Evidence of chorda tympani dysfunction in patients with burning mouth syndrome. J Am Dent Assoc 1939 2007;138:628–633. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  23. Kolkka-Palomaa M, Jääskeläinen SK, Laine MA, et al. Pathophysiology of primary burning mouth syndrome with special focus on taste dysfunction: a review. Oral Dis 2015;21:937–948. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  24. Woda A, Dao T, Gremeau-Richard C. Steroid dysregulation and stomatodynia (burning mouth syndrome). J Orofac Pain 2009;23:202–210. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  25. Grushka M. Clinical features of burning mouth syndrome. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1987;63:30–36. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  26. Buchanan JA, Zakrzewska JM. Burning mouth syndrome. BMJ Clin Evid 2010. [Google Scholar]
  27. Ruel-Kellermann M. Des odontalgies hystériques aux ulcérations imaginaires de la langue. Actes de La Société Française d'Histoire de l'Art Dentaire. 2014;19:32–37. [Google Scholar]
  28. Périer J-M, Boucher Y. Histoire des stomatodynies. Thèse Doct Chirurgie Dent. Paris: Univ Paris Diderot, 2017. [Google Scholar]
  29. Périer J-M. History of Burning Mouth Syndrome (1800–1950): a review. Oral Dis 2018; doi: 10.1111/odi.12860. [Google Scholar]
  30. Grushka M, Sessle B. Burning mouth syndrome: a historical review. Clin J Pain 1986;2:245–252. [Google Scholar]
  31. Jääskeläinen SK, Woda A. Burning mouth syndrome. Cephalalgia Int J Headache 2017;37:627–647. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  32. Moisset X, Calbacho V, Torres P, et al. Co-occurrence of pain symptoms and somatosensory sensitivity in burning mouth syndrome: a systematic review. PLoS One 2016;11:e 0163449. [Google Scholar]
  33. Braud A, Touré B, Agbo-Godeau S, et al. Characteristics of pain assessed with visual analog scale and questionnaire in burning mouth syndrome patients: a pilot study. J Orofac Pain 2013;27:235–242. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  34. Lamey PJ, Lewis MA. Oral medicine in practice: burning mouth syndrome. Br Dent J 1989;167:197–200. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  35. Grémeau-Richard C, Dubray C, Aublet-Cuvelier B, et al. Effect of lingual nerve block on burning mouth syndrome (stomatodynia): a randomized crossover trial. Pain 2010;149:27–32. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  36. Gremeau-Richard C, Woda A, Navez ML, et al. Topical clonazepam in stomatodynia: a randomised placebo-controlled study. Pain 2004;108:51–57. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  37. Penza P, Majorana A, Lombardi R, et al. “Burning tongue” and “burning tip”: the diagnostic challenge of the burning mouth syndrome. Clin J Pain 2010;26:528–532. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  38. Mignogna MD, Pollio A, Fortuna G, et al. Unexplained somatic comorbidities in patients with burning mouth syndrome: a controlled clinical study. J Orofac Pain 2011;25:131–140. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  39. Grushka M, Sessle BJ, Miller R. Pain and personality profiles in burning mouth syndrome. Pain 1987;28:155–167. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  40. Braud A, Boucher Y. The relationship between the clinical features of idiopathic burning mouth syndrome and self-perceived quality of life. J Oral Sci 2016;58:475–481. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  41. Kohorst JJ, Bruce AJ, Torgerson RR, et al. The prevalence of burning mouth syndrome: a population-based study. Br J Dermatol 2015;172:1654–1656. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  42. McMillan R, Forssell H, Buchanan JA, et al. Interventions for treating burning mouth syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016;11:C D002779. [Google Scholar]
  43. Liu YF, Kim Y, Yoo T, et al. Burning mouth syndrome: a systematic review of treatments. Oral Dis 2018;24:325–334. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  44. Galli F, Lodi G, Sardella A, Vegni E. Role of psychological factors in burning mouth syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Cephalalgia Int J Headache 2017;37:265–277. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  45. Schiavone V, Adamo D, Ventrella G, et al. Anxiety, depression, and pain in burning mouth syndrome: first chicken or egg? Headache 2012;52:1019–1025. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  46. de Souza FTA, Teixeira AL, Amaral TMP, et al. Psychiatric disorders in burning mouth syndrome. J Psychosom Res 2012;72:142–146. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  47. Maina G, Albert U, Gandolfo S, et al. Personality disorders in patients with burning mouth syndrome. J Personal Disord 2005;19:84–93. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  48. Taiminen T, Kuusalo L, Lehtinen L, Forssell H, Hagelberg N, Tenovuo O, et al. Psychiatric (axis I) and personality (axis II) disorders in patients with burning mouth syndrome or atypical facial pain. Scand J Pain 2011;2:155–160. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  49. Hammarén M, Hugoson A. Clinical psychiatric assessment of patients with burning mouth syndrome resisting oral treatment. Swed Dent J 1989;13:77–88. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  50. Lamey P-J, Freeman R, Eddie S-A, et al. Vulnerability and presenting symptoms in burning mouth syndrome. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2005;99:48–54. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  51. van der Ploeg HM, van der Wal N, Eijkman MA, van der Waal I. Psychological aspects of patients with burning mouth syndrome. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1987;63:664–668. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  52. Browning S, Hislop S, Scully C, Shirlaw P. The association between burning mouth syndrome and psychosocial disorders. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1987;64:171–174. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  53. Bergdahl J, Anneroth G, Perris H. Personality characteristics of patients with resistant burning mouth syndrome. Acta Odontol Scand 1995;53:7–11. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  54. Eli I, Kleinhauz M, Baht R, Littner M. Antecedents of burning mouth syndrome (glossodynia) – recent life events vs. psychopathologic aspects. J Dent Res 1994;73:567–572. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  55. Matsuoka H, Himachi M, Furukawa H, et al. Cognitive profile of patients with burning mouth syndrome in the Japanese population. Odontology 2010;98:160–164. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  56. Rogulj AA, Richter I, Brailo V, et al. Catastrophizing in patients with burning mouth syndrome. Acta Stomatol Croat 2014;48:109–115. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  57. Tokura T, Kimura H, Ito M, et al. Temperament and character profiles of patients with burning mouth syndrome. J Psychosom Res 2015;78:495–498. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  58. Carlson CR, Miller CS, Reid KI. Psychosocial profiles of patients with burning mouth syndrome. J Orofac Pain 2000;14:59–64. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  59. Rojo L, Silvestre FJ, Bagan JV, De Vicente T. Prevalence of psychopathology in burning mouth syndrome. A comparative study among patients with and without psychiatric disorders and controls. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1994;78:312–316. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  60. Bergdahl M, Bergdahl J. Burning mouth syndrome: prevalence and associated factors. J Oral Pathol Med Off Publ Int Assoc Oral Pathol Am Acad Oral Pathol 1999;28:350–354. [Google Scholar]
  61. de Souza FTA, Kummer A, Silva MLV, et al. The association of openness personality trait with stress-related salivary biomarkers in burning mouth syndrome. Neuroimmunomodulation 2015;22: 250–255. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  62. Kim M-J, Kho H-S. Understanding of burning mouth syndrome based on psychological aspects. Chin J Dent Res Off J Sci Sect Chin Stomatol Assoc CSA 2018;21:9–19. [Google Scholar]
  63. Chopra K, Arora V. An intricate relationship between pain and depression: clinical correlates, coactivation factors and therapeutic targets. Expert Opin Ther Targets 2014;18:159–176. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  64. Sardella A, Lodi G, Demarosi F, et al. Causative or precipitating aspects of burning mouth syndrome: a case-control study. J Oral Pathol Med Off Publ Int Assoc Oral Pathol Am Acad Oral Pathol 2006;35:466–471. [Google Scholar]
  65. Takenoshita M, Sato T, Kato Y, et al. Psychiatric diagnoses in patients with burning mouth syndrome and atypical odontalgia referred from psychiatric to dental facilities. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2010;6:699–705. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  66. Schulte JK, Anderson GC, Hathaway KM, Will TE. Psychometric profiles and related pain characteristics of temporomandibular disorder patients. J Orofac Pain 1993;7:247–253. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  67. Tangen T, Mykletun A. Depression and anxiety through the climacteric period: an epidemiological study (HUNT-II). J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 2008;29:125–131. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  68. Kim Y, Kim H-I, Kho H-S. Characteristics of men and premenopausal women with burning mouth symptoms: a case-control study. Headache 2014;54:888–898. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  69. Kim M-J, Kim J, Kho H-S. Comparison between burning mouth syndrome patients with and without psychological problems. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018;47:879–887. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  70. Fischoff DK, Spivakovsky S. Little evidence to support or refute interventions for the management of burning mouth syndrome. Evid Based Dent 2017;18:57–58. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  71. Patton LL, Siegel MA, Benoliel R, De Laat A. Management of burning mouth syndrome: systematic review and management recommendations. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2007;103:e1–e13. [Google Scholar]
  72. Fenelon M, Quinque E, Arrive E, et al. Pain-relieving effects of clonazepam and amitriptyline in burning mouth syndrome: a retrospective study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017;46:1505–1511. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  73. Tammiala-Salonen T, Forssell H. Trazodone in burning mouth pain: a placebo-controlled, double-blind study. J Orofac Pain 1999;13:83–88. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  74. Kobayashi Y, Nagashima W, Tokura T, et al. Duloxetine Plasma Concentrations and Its Effectiveness in the Treatment of Nonorganic Chronic Pain in the Orofacial Region. Clin Neuropharmacol 2017;40:163–168. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  75. Gorsky M, Silverman S, Chinn H. Clinical characteristics and management outcome in the burning mouth syndrome. An open study of 130 patients. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1991;72:192–195. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  76. Maina G, Vitalucci A, Gandolfo S, Bogetto F. Comparative efficacy of SSRIs and amisulpride in burning mouth syndrome: a single-blind study. J Clin Psychiatry 2002;63:38–43. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  77. Cui Y, Xu H, Chen FM, et al. Efficacy evaluation of clonazepam for symptom remission in burning mouth syndrome: a meta-analysis. Oral Dis 2016;22:503–511. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  78. de Castro LA, Ribeiro-Rotta RF. The effect of clonazepam mouth wash on the symptomatology of burning mouth syndrome: an open pilot study. Pain Med Malden Mass 2014;15:2164–2165. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  79. Tan SN, Song E, Dong X-D, et al. Peripheral GABAA receptor activation modulates rat tongue afferent mechanical sensitivity. Arch Oral Biol 2014;59:251–257. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  80. Ito M, Tokura T, Yoshida K, et al. Five Patients With Burning Mouth Syndrome in Whom an Antidepressant (Serotonin-Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitor) Was Not Effective, but Pregabalin Markedly Relieved Pain. Clin Neuropharmacol 2015;38:158–161. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  81. Magni G. The use of antidepressants in the treatment of chronic pain. A review of the current evidence. Drugs 1991;42:730–748. [Google Scholar]
  82. Bergdahl J, Anneroth G, Perris H. Cognitive therapy in the treatment of patients with resistant burning mouth syndrome: a controlled study. J Oral Pathol Med Off Publ Int Assoc Oral Pathol Am Acad Oral Pathol 1995;24:213–215. [Google Scholar]
  83. Komiyama O, Nishimura H, Makiyama Y, et al. Group cognitive-behavioral intervention for patients with burning mouth syndrome. J Oral Sci 2013;55:17–22. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  84. Kuffer R. Psychogenic buccal paresthesias (stomatodynia and glossodynia). Ann Dermatol Vénéréologie 1987;114:1589–1596. [Google Scholar]
  85. Karshan M, Kutscher AH, Silvers HF, et al. Studies in the etiology of idiopathic orolingual paresthesias. Am J Dig Dis 1952;19:341–344. [Google Scholar]
  86. Masson E. Diagnostic des paresthésies buccales. In: EM-Consulte. Accessed 19 Sept. 2017. [Google Scholar]
  87. Demange C, Husson C, Poï-Vet D, Escande JP. Burning mouth syndromes and depression. A psychoanalytic approach. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 1996;97:244–252. [Google Scholar]
  88. Demange C, Husson C. Prise en charge des paresthésies buccales psychogènes, Info Dentaire 1999;10:675–679. [Google Scholar]
  89. Demange-Salvage C. [Google Scholar]
  90. Husson C, Demange-Salvage 2013. [Google Scholar]
  91. Guilyardi H. La bouche en feu exposé d'un cas de stomatodynie Le Bulletin Freudienne 2000; N°35–36. file:///H:/Biblio/BMS/Guilyardi_35.pdf [Google Scholar]
  92. Guilyardi H. Ceci n'est pas une dépression. 2006;237–238.–2749205646-page-237.htm [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.