Open Access
Systematic Review

Table 1

Detailed treatment record of displaced dental implant cases in 32 articles published from 2015 to 2020.

No. Authors Publication year Country Case Age (years) Sex Implant Anatomical sites Treatment techniques Surgical approaches Anesthesia types Hospital departments
Early-phase
1 Bakhshalian et al. [26] 2015 Korea 1 60 Male 1 Ethmoid sinus ES TOA GA OMS
2 Bruniera et al. [4] 2015 Brazil 1 60 Female 3 MS IS TOA LA OMS
3 Ding et al. [18] 2015 China 1 65 Female 1 MS IS TOA LA OMS
4 Sadda [39] 2015 US 1 55 Male 1 MS IS TOA LA OMS
5 Andreasi Bassi et al. [27] 2016 Italy 1 49 Female 1 MS ES TOA LA ORL*
6 Bibra et al. [34] 2016 India 1 54 Male 1 Buccal soft tissue IS NC LA OMS
7 Cariati et al. [5] 2016 Spain 1 66 Male 1 Sublingual space IS NC GA OMS
8 de Jong et al. [30] 2016 Israel 12 NA Male (12) 12 MS (12) ES (11) and NA (1) NA (1) NC ORL
2 Female (2) 2 MS (2) ES (2) NC NC
9 Kwon & Pae [32] 2016 Korea 1 NC Female 1 Mandibular body IS NC NC OMS
10 Nogami et al. [40] 2016 Japan 1 35 Male 1 MS ES TOA LA OMS
11 Sarmast et al. [41] 2016 US 1 71 Female 1 MS IS TOA LA OMS
12 Sgaramella et al. [22] 2016 Italy 10 35–72§ Male (10) 11 MS (10) IS (10) TOA (10) GA (8) and LA (13) OMS
11 Female (11) 13 MS (11) IS (11) TOA (11)
13 An et al. [42] 2017 Korea 1 63 Male 1 MS IS TOA LA OMS
14 Brescia et al. [37] 2017 Italy 1 40 Male 1 MS ES TNA GA ORL*
15 Dundar et al. [43] 2017 Turkey 1 64 Male 1 MS ES NC NC OMS
16 Kim [44] 2017 Korea 1 63 Female 1 MS IS TOA LA OMS
17 Lim et al. [45] 2017 Malaysia 1 53 Male 1 MS ES TNA GA ORL*

Subtotal 50 35 - 55 50 49 32 34

Late-phase

18 Gurbanov et al. [33] 2018 Turkey 1 51 Female 1 Mandibular canal IS NC LA OMS
19 Park et al. [36] 2018 Korea 1 66 Male 1 Stomach NA NA NC OMS
20 Pistilli et al. [24] 2018 Italy 1 57 Female 1 Mandibular body IS NC LA OMS
21 Dryer & Conrad [46] 2019 US 1 44 Female 1 Pterygoid fossa ES TNA GA OMS
22 Froum et al. [9] 2019 US 1 56 Male 1 MS IS TOA LA OMS
23 Gnigou et al. [16] 2019 Greece 1 73 Male 1 MS IS TOA LA OMS
1 55 Female 2 MS IS TOA LA
24 Jin et al. [7] 2019 China 1 72 Male 1 MS ES TNA GA ORL*
25 Lee et al. [31] 2019 Korea 1 57 Male 1 Ethmoid sinus ES TNA NC ORL
26 Yoon et al. [35] 2019 Korea 1 63 Male 1 Esophagus NA NA LA ORL*
27 Chang et al. [25] 2020 Taiwan 2 55 and 50 Female (2) 2 MS (2) ES (2) TNA (2) GA (1) ORL
1 60 Male 1 MS ES TNA NC
28 Safadi et al. [10] 2020 Israel 14 62‖ Male (14) 15 MS (14) ES (14) TNA (19) and NC (5) GA (14) ORL
10 Female (10) 10 MS (10) ES (10) GA (10)
29 Dhir et al. [19] 2020 India 1 32 Male 1 MS ES TOA LA OMS
30 Moleta et al. [23] 2020 Brazil 1 44 Female 2 MS IS TOA GA OMS
1 42 Male 1 MS IS TOA LA
31 Bocchialini et al. [47] 2020 Brazil 1 55 Female 1 Orbit ES TNA GA ORL*
32 Cascio et al. [48] 2020 Italy 1 63 Male 1 Ethmoid sinus ES TNA LA ORL

Subtotal 42 18 45 42 40 33 38

Total 92 53 100 92 89 65 72

*Abbreviations: ES, endoscopic surgery; GA, general anesthesia including intravenous sedation; IS, intraoral surgery; LA, local anesthesia; MS, maxillary sinus; NA, not available; NC, not clear; OMS, oral and maxillofacial surgery; ORL, otorhinolaryngology and including a case of collaboration between oral and maxillofacial surgeon and otorhinolaryngologist (*Author’s numbers); Parentheses, number of patients and cases; US, The United States of America; TNA, transnasal approach; TOA, transoral approach.* Author’s numbers.

Spontaneously excretion.

Mean age of 14 patients: 54 ± 9.4 years.

§Range 35–72 years (each age of 21 patients: 58, 50, 56, 62, 55, 45, 65, 47, 47, 59, 35, 63, 67, 59, 72, 70, 39, 59, 49, 36, and 64 years).

This age was excluded from the statistical data due to median age 62 years of 24 patients (range 35-88 years).

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