J Oral Med Oral Surg
Volume 28, Number 1, 2022
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||21 February 2022|
Efficacy of spirulina in management of oral submucous fibrosis − a systematic review
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur 440003, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur 440003, India
* Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 27 September 2021
Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the efficacy of spirulina in the management of oral submucous fibrosis. Methodology: Databases (MEDLINE via PubMed, Cochrane, EBSCO-host, Scopus, Science Direct, Clinical Trial Registry- India (CTRI) and Google scholar), review articles, bibliographies and related journal were searched from 1st January 2010 to 30th May 2020, using various combinations of MeSH terms and keywords. Results: A total of 5 clinical trials were analysed for the review, of which 4 were randomized controlled trials and 1 was non-randomized controlled trial. Mouth opening and burning sensation were analysed as primary outcome in all 5 studies. For both outcomes some studies reported statistically significant difference whereas others showed non-significant results on comparing with different interventions. Also, high risk of bias was observed among studies after performing quality analysis. Conclusion: Although the studies suggest efficacy of spirulina in management of OSF, but due to the high risk of bias there is a weak evidence regarding the effectiveness of spirulina in treating OSF. So, more uniform and standard trials on larger population should be carried out.
Key words: Oral submucous fibrosis / spirulina / systematic review
© The authors, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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