J Oral Med Oral Surg
Volume 24, Number 1, January 2018
|Page(s)||24 - 28|
|Section||Cas clinique / Short case report|
|Published online||25 May 2018|
Up-to Date Review And Case Report
Central giant cell granuloma: a case report
University of Lille North France, Odontology Service, Abel Caumartin Hospital,
* Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 19 October 2017
Introduction: Central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) is an uncommon benign bony lesion that occurs in the mandible and maxilla. Observation: A 30-year-old woman was evaluated for a radiolucent lesion of the mandible, which was discovered by chance. This image was associated with a painless swelling covered by normal mucosa. No symptoms were associated. After surgical excision, histological examination of the surgical specimen concluded a CGCG. Surgical follow-up was simple, and the first radiological test performed 3 months after confirming the onset of bone healing. Comments: The clinical behavior of CGCG ranges from a slow-growing asymptomatic swelling to an aggressive lesion with pain, local osteolysis, root resorption and tooth displacement. Therapeutic options have greatly varied in recent years. Nonsurgical treatments with alpha-interferon, calcitonin, and corticosteroids have been described and their benefits may be worthy of consideration. Conclusion: A surgical approach is considered as the traditional treatment and is still the most accepted one. However, in some publications, authors disagree on the type of surgery that should be performed.
Key words: central giant cell granuloma / benign tumor / mandible
© The authors, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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