J Oral Med Oral Surg
Volume 24, Number 1, Janvier 2018
|Page(s)||2 - 5|
|Section||Article original / Original article|
|Published online||25 May 2018|
Inter personal violence-related facial injuries: a 10-year survey
Department of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery, CHU SouroSanou,
Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
2 Department of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery, CHU YalgadoOuédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
* Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 6 November 2017
Introduction: Interpersonal violence (IPV) has emerged as a worldwide health problem affecting predominantly the face. Patients and methods: This study reports the characteristics of violence, victims and injuries in IPV-related facial injuries patients, in a 10-year survey, in a tertiary hospital of Burkina Faso. Results: Patients’ age ranged from 11 to 75 years (mean 31 years) and 58.2% of the patients were aged between 20 and 39 years. There were 74 males and females 24 giving a male-to-female ratio of 3.1:1. The circumstances of injuries were brawls (80.6%) consisting mostly in facial blows, and hold-ups (19.4%). Fractures involving predominantly the mandible or the zygomatic complex were the most common injury, accounting for 53.2%. Soft tissues injuries accounted for 37.2% and dental trauma for 9.2%. In 27.5% of the patients, extra facial injuries were encountered, dominated by cerebral trauma and limb fractures. Conclusion: In this study, IPV-related facial injuries are mostly mandibular or zygomatic fractures in young and males adults involved in brawls. These findings command strategies for prevention of violence in this specific group.
Key words: interpersonal violence / assault / facial fracture / facial injury
© The authors, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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