J Oral Med Oral Surg
Volume 24, Number 1, January 2018
|Page(s)||44 - 50|
|Section||Article pédagogique / Educational article|
|Published online||25 May 2018|
Impact of chronic stress on periodontal health
Operational Underwater Research Resident Team of the Army Biomedical Research Institute,
BP 600, 83800
Toulon Cedex, France
2 Orléans-Bricy Medical Staff at the Army Medical Center, Tours, 45310 Bricy, France
3 Neurophysiology Unit for Stress, Department for Neuroscience and Operational Constraints, Army Biomedical Research Institute, BP 73, 91223 Brétigny-sur-orge Cedex, France
4 Former hospital-university Dental Assistant, Exclusively Periodontology and Implantology, 23 rue Nicolas Peiresc, Toulon 83000, France
* Correspondence: email@example.com
Accepted: 2 July 2017
Introduction: Periodontal diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms that induce increases in of local and systemic proinflammatory cytokines, resulting in periodontal damage. The onset and evolution of periodontal diseases are influenced by many local and systemic risk factors. Educational objective: In this article, we aim to review the results of the research on the impact of chronic stress on the occurrence, development, and response to periodontal disease treatments and on the pathophysiological mechanisms of periodontal disease. Conclusion: Chronic stress has a negative impact on the occurrence, development, and response to the treatment of periodontal disease via indirect actions on the periodontium. This can result from behavioral changes caused by stress (poor dental hygiene, smoking, etc.) and a direct neuroimmunoendocrinological action related to the consequences (particularly immunological) of the secretion of certain chemicals (e.g., cortisol) induced by the activation of the hypothalamus and the autonomic nervous system in response to stress. These factors necessitate multidisciplinary management (e.g., physician, oral surgeon, and psychologist) of patients to identify subjects with chronic stress and to employ countermeasures to decrease the impact of stress on the periodontium.
Key words: periodontal diseases / Stress / Neuro-immunology
© The authors, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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